The History and Philosophy of Buddhism - Part 1


Buddhism is a philosophy developed by Siddhartha Gautama, a teacher, who lived in North India between mid-5th and 4th century BCE. As time passed, this became a pathway to developing spirituality. In the 20th century, Buddhism has became a top role in spiritual, cultural, and social life in Asia later spreading to the west.


Buddhist practices like meditation are means of changing yourself to develop the qualities of awareness, kindness, and wisdom. Its doctrine is specialized in Pali and Sanskrit.

Siddhartha Gautama was an Indian prince in the fifth century B.C.E. who learned that human life is suffering after watching people who were poor and dying. He gave up his money and lived as a destitute beggar, meditating and traveling but eventually became dissatisfied and settled on "the Middle Way." This concept implied that neither severe asceticism nor extreme prosperity was the path to enlightenment, but rather a middle ground between the two. Under the Bodhi tree, he eventually attained enlightenment, or nirvana, via prolonged meditation (the tree of awakening). His enlightenment occurred at the Mahabodhi Temple in Bihar, India, which is today a major Buddhist pilgrimage site. 

There are around 350 million Buddhists worldwide, with an increasing number of Westerners. They practice a variety of Buddhist traditions, but all are marked by nonviolence, a lack of dogma, tolerance for differences, and, in most cases, meditation.

Founder of Buddhism


Prince Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, was born in modern-day Nepal in 480 BCE. Siddhartha's father was a strong Hindu republic ruler. However, he was concerned that Prince Siddartha would become a religious leader instead of taking his position on the throne, as predicted by a prophecy. He concealed human pain from Siddartha to escape the prophecy. Siddartha stayed in opulent palaces, wore the finest clothing and jewels, ate and drank as he wanted, and married a lovely woman. No one could speak to Siddartha about life's horrors, such as death after his father fired a sick, ugly, old servant. Obviously, this will never backfire. Siddartha was deeply dissatisfied with his opulent lifestyle.

Siddartha saw an old man, a sick man, and finally a corpse at the age of 29, after finally being allowed to go outside the palace. He went through an existential crisis. He wondered why he should do anything in life since everyone would inevitably succumb to old age, sickness, and death.

On another visit outside, Siddhartha came across a homeless monk who had given up all of his valuables. He appeared to be intelligent and content. As a result, Siddhartha made the decision to give up his princely existence and become a wandering monk in pursuit of a solution to life's problems. Siddartha spent the following six years studying with India's most illustrious yoga and meditation masters. He became a member of a community of woodland hermits who practice rigorous fasting and intense meditation. Siddhartha, meanwhile, was little more than a living skeleton after six years of eating only seeds that had blown into his lap. He realized he was no closer to finding a solution to his problems. Actually, his thoughts had been muddled by hunger.

Between the extremes of a Prince's life of luxury and a hermit's life of poverty, the route to Enlightenment lay. As a result, Siddartha would have to take the Middle Way. So he started eating again. Siddartha sat beneath a tree, re-energized, vowing to meditate until he found a solution to human misery. Siddartha sat there for days in a deep state of meditation. He realized that if he could eliminate desire, he could eliminate misery. We only suffer because we desire specific outcomes. His worry about growing old, getting sick, and dying faded away. All things change, he realized, and the only thing he could do was embrace and love those changes. His thoughts and senses had been cleansed of desire. He was filled with love and gratitude for everything on the planet. Siddartha attained Enlightenment or Nirvana under that tree, which is today known as the Bodhi Tree. He was now a Buddha, an Awakened One. 

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